Vegetable Planting Calendar

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Table 1
Planning and planting guides

 Approximate amount to plant (feet of row per person)Seed required for 100 feet of rowDistance between rows (inches)Distance between plants in row (inches)Seed planting depth (inches)Days from planting to harvest
VegetableFresh useProcessingOunces (oz)Grams (g)Hand-cultivatedField implement
Cool–season vegetables
Beet5–1010–20256184230.555–65
Broccoli5–10 plants5–10 plants0.514*304224 70–80
Cabbage3–5 plants3–5 plants0.257*244212 70–80
Carrot5–1010–150.257184230.2570–85
Cauliflower3–5 plants5–10 plants0.257*244224 65–75
Chinese cabbage5–10 0.514244260.2575–80
Collards5–10 0.5142442120.2585–95
Endive3–5 0.514184260.2580–90
Kale5–1010–150.514244280.2550–65
Kohlrabi3–5 0.257244240.2555–65
Lettuce, head5–10 0.257*184260.2555–80
Lettuce, other5–10 0.257184230.2535–50
Mustard greens5–1010–150.514184230.2530–40
Onion, dry25–50 sets or plants184231 (sets)100–120
Onion, green10–15 sets or plants 184232 (sets)25–35
Parsnip10–15 0.514244230.5150
Pea10–1525–301645424422165–75
Potato, Irish50–100 tubers3042124100–120
Radish5–10 125184210.2525–35
Salsify10–15 128244230.25150
Spinach5–1010–15128184230.2540–50
Swiss chard5–1010–15256184230.555–65
Turnip, roots10–15 0.514184260.2550–60
Turnip, greens5–1010–150.514184230.2535–45
Warm–season vegetables
Bean, lima (bush)10–1510–151645424423170–80
Bean, lima (pole)3–5 hills3–5 hills8227304236185–95
Bean, snap (bush)10–1520–301645424423150–60
Bean, snap (pole)3–5 hills3–5 hills8227304236160–70
Bean, wax10–1510–201645424423150–60
Cantaloupe3–5 hills3–5 hills0.2574860600.580–90
Cowpea10–1515–25822724423175–85
Cucumber2–3 hills3–5 hills0.2573648480.565–70
Eggplant2–3 plants2–3 plants0.514*244224 80–90
Okra3–55–102563042120.555–60
Peanut10–25 plants 8227304261135
Pepper2–3 plants 0.514*304218 70–80
Pumpkin3–5 1284860600.5110
Squash, summer2–3 hills 0.5144860480.580–90
Squash, winter3–5 hills 0.5144860600.5100
Sweet corn15–2530–5041133642100.570–85
Sweet potato5–10 slips slips304212 150
Tomato, ground3–5 plants5–10 plants0.1253.5*486036 70–80
Tomato, staked3–5 plants5–10 plants0.1253.5*426018 65–75
Perennial vegetables
Asparagus10–15 crowns10–15 crowns1284848180.53 years
Rhubarb2–3 crowns2–3 crowns  48483622 years
* For direct seeding. Normally these vegetables are planted in the garden as started plants.

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